Real Estate Valuation: Process and Methods For Beginners

Probably the most-often requested query is „What’s it value?”

The item in query will be nearly something, from an previous portray, to a automotive or home. Regardless of the object is, the reply is identical.

That it’s value no matter a purchaser can pay for it.

So, one approach to get on the valuation of property is to attempt to promote the thing. However it’s impractical to promote one thing simply to ascertain its worth, most particularly if the valuation is just required for insurance coverage goal.

A extra sensible various is to ask for an professional’s opinion. Many corporations and authorities institutions have specialists that advise members of the general public on the worth of their furnishings, work, silver, and so forth.

The identical precept is utilized to the valuation of property. A chartered surveyor is an professional within the worth of property who has vast expertise in and data of the property market.

Chartered surveyors are instructed to offer valuations for a lot of functions. These functions could also be associated to mortgages, property rental values, insurance coverage insurance policies, probate, obligatory valuations, and so forth.


Valuation is alleged to be a choice making course of. Each valuation poses an issue which a Valuer should establish and choose relevant methods in estimating a specified and particular value.

Valuation can also be a type of analysis mission, as a result of, valuer gathers systematically the information required within the evaluation. Valuation course of entails the next phases:

  1. Definition of the valuation issues
  2. Making a plan
  3. Investigation/surveys
  4. Gathering of knowledge
  5. Evaluation of the information                                                                                                6.  Reconciliation of worth estimates
  1. Definition of the valuation downside

The valuation downside must be outlined by each the property surveyor and the property proprietor or the proprietor’s agent. The issues regarding the situation of the property, goal of valuation, date of valuation and date of submission of the report need to be properly outlined earlier than taking over the project

2. Making a plan

There should be a particular plan for growing the report. The scope, the character and quantity of labor concerned need to be decided by  Valuer in making a plan. The problems just like the kinds of property market, demand and provide components, the suitable strategies of valuation to be adopted and sources of required knowledge should be properly addressed.

three. Investigation/Survey

The survey to be carried out contains inspecting the property to be  valued, making tape measurements and noting the state of repairs and the situation of the property. No structural surveys are required by the Valuer.

four. Gathering of knowledge

Knowledge to be gathered for valuation evaluation should be legitimate and authoritative. Asking costs should not proof. The information gathered should be repeatedly verified so as to reject the need and finally settle for the factual info

5. Evaluation of the information

The collected and verified knowledge should additional be analyzed so as to derive each the findings and the final word conclusions.

6. Reconciliation of worth estimates

The applying of multiple analytical methodology to the verified knowledge will end in worth indications and worth outcomes that aren’t equivalent. It’s left for the valuer to derive a single determine from the a number of indications of worth developed within the evaluation.

Strategies of Valuation

The 5 strategies of valuation utilized by chartered surveyors are elaborated beneath:

The primary and most typical methodology for the valuation of property is:

1.  The Funding Technique

The funding methodology of valuation is used for industrial property. It entails changing a property’s earnings stream (hire) into an acceptable capital sum. The capital worth of a property is due to this fact immediately associated to its earnings producing energy.

To reach on the valuation of a property for funding functions, the method is:

Worth = Lease x Years Buy (Abbreviated as YP)

The Years Buy (YP) is a multiplier that converts rental earnings right into a capital sum. In a property context it converts hire into worth.

2.      The Comparability (or Comparative) Technique

The comparability methodology of valuation is used primarily for residential property. The tactic applies to capital values. The purchases should not normally for funding functions, however reasonably for occupation by the proprietor. The direct comparability of capital values is used for the valuation of property that’s vacant. Any dissimilarity between properties’ capital values must be assessed fastidiously, along with the professionals and cons of every property, to reach at a good comparability.

three.      The Value Technique /Contractors Technique

When properties seldom change fingers, their price could also be used to approximate their worth.

The worth is made up of the worth of the land, along with the substitute price of the constructing. What’s required just isn’t the price of a precise duplicate of the present constructing, however the price of offering the identical lodging in the same type utilizing up-to-date development methods.

The associated fee methodology of valuation of property assumes potential purchaser could be ready to pay the identical quantity for the premises as it might price her or him to buy the same property elsewhere.

The fundamental strategy for a contractors’ methodology to the valuation of property is:

price of website


price of constructing

Much less

Depreciation allowance

Obsolescence allowance


Worth of current property

four.     Income Technique

For sure kinds of property, capital worth is estimated from the quantity of commerce or enterprise carried out on the property. Resorts and public homes supply examples the place comparability with different properties is troublesome, as the worth primarily is dependent upon the property’s incomes capability.

In these circumstances, the earnings methodology is used to take the gross earnings after which deduct the working bills, that are curiosity on the capital supplied by the tenant and an quantity for the tenant’s danger and enterprise. The remaining stability is the quantity that may be paid in hire. The estimated rental earnings can then be capitalized at an acceptable yield by analyzing gross sales of comparable properties.

The fundamental equation on which the earnings methodology is predicated is as follows:

Gross earnings

much less


Gross revenue

Much less

Working bills (besides hire)


Internet revenue

5       The Residual / Improvement Technique

This methodology is used when a property has potential for growth or redevelopment. Residual valuations for property are recurrently made by individuals who buy residential properties that they imagine may very well be made extra precious if cash have been spent on enhancements and modernization.

The fundamental equation on which the residual methodology is predicated is as follows:

Worth of the finished growth

much less

Whole expenditure on enhancements or growth (Together with developer’s revenue)


Worth of website or property in its current situation (Residual worth)


Aluko, B.T.; (1999): „Property Valuation: Definition Ideas and Scope”. A paper introduced to M/S Akintilo & Co. Lagos; on the 15th of Could, 1999. PP. 2 & 22-28.

Baum, A., (1978): „Residual valuation: A Cashflow Method” Property Gazettes”

Vol. 247 PP. 973-976.

Bonbright, J.C., (1937): The valuation of Property, New York; MC Graw Hill.

Millington, A.F., (1988): Am Introduction to Property Valuation, London; The Property Gazette.

Richmond, D., (1985): Introduction to Valuation; 2nd Version, London; Macmillan.

R.I.C.S. (1981): Steering Notes on the Valuation of Belongings, 2nd Version, London R.I.C.S.